Charminar is an important travel destinations & landmark in the city of Hyderabad. The monument is synonymous to the city as well as to its glorious historical past. It was erected, when Quli Qutb Shah shifted his capital from Golconda to the present city of Hyderabad. The monument is called so, owing to its four minarets.
Hyderabad's most popular landmark Charminar is located at the center of the old city and surround by lively bazaars.
Charminar is surrounded by buzzling markets and many other structures which adds to its grace. It boasts Chow Mohalla palace, Shahali Banda, Laad Bazar, Kali Kaman and Patthar Gatti and Mecca Masjid. The structure of Charminar show both Indian and Mughal architectural styles. You can see good views of all over the old city from the top of the minarets.
The Artistic Monument
The structure is also known for its profuseness of stucco decorations and arrangement of balustrades and balconies. The floral designs are varied and delicately executed. It was a synthesis of mughal and Hindu architecture executed by the local artisans.
It is a massive square structure, 56 m (183.72 ft) high and 30 m (98.42 ft) wide. This monument is built entirely of granite and lime mortar. It has 4 minarets one on each of its corners. These fluted minarets are attached to the main building and rise towards the sky to a height of 56 m (183.72 ft). Each minaret of the Charminar has a double balcony. A small bulbous cupola crowns each of these beautiful minarets, which is decorated with petal like formations. A short pointed spire crowns all the minarets.
The four grand arches of the Charminar face the four cardinal directions. Once upon a time each of these arches led to four royal roads. Each of the four arches is decorated on its sides with a row of small arched niches. The Charminar is a two-storied building with the first floor being covered. The elegant balconies on this floor provide excellent vantage point for viewing the surrounding areas. There is a small mosque on the top floor of the building, which can be reached by climbing a total of 149 steps.
The mosque is situated on the western side facing the Muslim holy city of Mecca.
There are as many as 45 prayer spaces on this floor, which does not have a roof on top of it. It is said that people thronged this mosque to offer Friday prayers, during the reign of the Qutub Shahi dynasty in Hyderabad. This mosque is the oldest surviving mosque in the city of Hyderabad. The panoramic view of the city from the top is simply breathtaking.
The Charminar is a unique blend of the Indo-Islamic style of architecture.
There is also a legend of an underground tunnel connecting the palace at Golkonda to Charminar, possibly intended as an escape route for the Qutub Shahi rulers in case of a siege, though the exact location of the tunnel is unknown.
A Brand Name
Charminar has the signature style of Islamic architecture. Apart from being the core of the city’s cultural milieu, it has become a brand name.
There are various theories regarding the purpose for which Charminar was constructed. However, it is widely accepted that Charminar was built at the center of the city, to commemorate the eradication of plague, in the middle of the 18th century. Bussy, the French commander, made Charminar his headquarters.
Built with granite and lime mortar, Charminar is a fine example of the Tazia style of architecture. The Charminar looks spectacular particularly in the nights when it is illuminated. Once upon a time each of these arches led to four royal roads. The four clocks were added later on the four cardinal directions in the year 1889.A telephoto lens reveals that the clock on the Charminar monument in Hyderabad was made by the Wahid Watch Company. Unfortunately nothing more is known about this company.
Spectacular Night View
The Charminar looks spectacular particularly in the nights when it is illuminated. The night view of Charminar is splendid and gives a clear influence of Islamic architecture. Charminar looks majestic and royal from a distance but a closer view gives out its evident monumental and architectural brilliance.
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