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Home > Discover Hyderabad > Sight Seeing > Sir Ronald Ross Institute
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[Hyderabad Museums]  
SIR RONALD ROSS INSTITUTE
Sir Ronald Ross Institute titleSir Ronald Ross Institute, located in Begumpet has a significant place in the history of health research. The small ancient building is where the Malria parasite has been discovered by Lieutenant Colonel Ronald Ross in 1897. Ronald Ross was born on May 13, 1857, at Almora (India). His father Sir C.C.G.Ross, was a General in the English army. He studied medicine at St. Bartholomew's Hospital in London and entered the Indian Medical Service in 1881. Later he initiated the study of malaria. In 1894 he decided to make an experimental investigation in India of the hypothesis of Laveran and Manson that mosquitoes are connected with the propagation of the said harmful disease.

Sir Ronald RossFor his research, Ross has selected Secunderabad as an ideal place as the Malaria fever was more prevalent here in those days. Ross set up his laboratory in the old Begumpet hostpital building, where Malaria patients used to come for the treatment. After two and a half years' restless research, Ross succeeded in demonstrating the life-cycle of the malaria parasite in mosquitoes, thus establishing the hypothesis of Laveran and Manson. He was awarded Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1902 for his research. As such extraordinary discovery was happened under its shelter, the old Begumpet Hospital building acquired historical significance. Keeping the significance of the building and to conserve it as one of the historical monuments in the city, the then Nizam government handed over the building to Osmania University authorities.

Sir Ross's Observations on displayThe building, which was built before 1895 has wittnessed many transitions : first as a military hospital, then as an officers mess and later as The Institute of Malarial studies, Osmania University. The building is a typical military structure of that period with a linear, large multipurpose central hall, walls and verandahs on either side. The building was constructed with bricks and mud mortar and has a timber framed tiled roof, rennovated by Architectural Conservation Cell (Thane), in 1997 on the ocassion of centenary celebrations of the Sir Ross's dicsovery.

Stages of Ross's study in the museumAt present one main hall of the building houses a small museum displaying the laminated pictures of Sir Ronald Ross, and different stages of Malaria ailment. The museum may be tiny but bestows plenty of knowledge to the researchers and enthusiastic visitors. For instance, one of the pictures in the museum shows Sir Ross's dairies and his observations, stagewise with diagrams. Another board displays pictures of the microscope which Ross developed and used for his exclusive reserach. The pictorial represenation of the life cycle of the mosquito and malaraia parasite, information on natural predators of the mosquito larvae like Gambusia affinis and Hydra can be seen here.

Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH), a voluntary organisation which has been engaged in protecting the heritage structures has several plans to develop the Sir Ronald Ross Institute, into a centre of excellence and tourist attraction. Efforts are on to acquire the open land adjacent to the institute building for landscaping and laying of approach road from main road. Prof.C.Subramanyam, director of the Ronald Ross Institute, said "there are also plans to conduct training classes in parasitology in the institute in order to establish it as a second tropical institute after Calcutta".

The institute is located in the adjacent lane to the Hotel Ramada Manohar, near Begumpet airport. The museum will be open from 8 am to 5 pm except Sundays. Contact Prof.C.Subramanyam or Mr. Younus (attandant), who will be available in the institute premises, even if the museum is locked.
-Mohan G Jagan
Photographs:
Srinivas Setty
Hyderabad Museums
Ronald Ross Institute
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