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Home >Discover Hyderabad > Sight Seeing > History > Historical Events

  Municipal Administration
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  The First Garden
  The First Radio Station
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  Jewel In The Crown
  The First Church
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  Natural Disaster - The Musi Floods Of 1908

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1591 to 1783
1804 to 1897
1902 to 2000
The year 1869 saw the birth of Municipal administration in Hyderabad. For municipal purposes, the city was divided into four parts and the suburbs into five parts. The whole management was placed under a Municipal Superintendent. Two municipalities, Hyderabad city and Chaderghat, were designed.
--------------------------------PWD OF TODAY
The first Public Works Department was created in 1868 when a Chief Engineer was appointed along with a staff of engineers, and a code compiled for their guidance. The Chief Engineer exercised a general control over the department and audited the entire expenditure. The State was divided into 14 districts, each under a District Engineer.
Organised by the Bombay Telephone Company, a Telephone Department was first formed in 1884. The company worked for 8 months, after which the Department was taken over by the State. The principal nobles of the State, wealthy private individuals and other important officials, were subscribers to the system. The annual upkeep cost around Rs 15, 000 and the fees collected from the non-official class of subscribers amounted to Rs 10, 000. The total number of offices and dwelling houses to which the wires were laid were 154, including 71 State installments. Top
----------------------- THE 1ST SCHOOL FOR GIRLS
The first English public school in Hyderabad, called St George's School, was founded by a clergyman of the Church of England in 1834. Later, many Roman Catholic Missionaries found their way into the city. An Arabic and a Persian school were also founded in the city at about the same time by Amir-i-Kabir, a liberal patron of learning and a mathematician. State education commenced in 1854, when a school called the Dar-ul-Ulum was founded for boys in the city near Madina.
In 1859, orders were issued directing that two schools - one Persian and the other vernacular - should be opened in each taluq, and one at the head quarters of each district. Mahaboobia Girls School was the first girls school in Hyderabad. In 1872, there were 16 schools in the city and suburbs, and English was taught in one of the schools. In 1880, the Chaderghat High School was affiliated to the Madras University; it was raised to the rank of a Grade I college in 1881.
The first Medical Institute in the State was the Hyderabad Medical School founded in 1846. At first, the education was imparted in Urdu, but in 1884 English became the medium of instruction. Top
The British Post Office in the Nizam's State was established in 1783. British post offices existed in the State even in 1817, and Hyderabad was no exception. The postmen used to function as a mobile post offices delivering and writing letters. The postal department's origin on scientific principles can be credited to Nawab Juvab Ali Khan, Mukhtan-at-mulla and Sir Salarjung, the Prime Minister of the Hyderabad State. Salar Jung's services in 1857 helped in the origin and reform of the postal department. In the great historical year of 1857, the State Postal Department was established and the Head Post Office of Hyderabad was created. Sadar Tappa Khana was the first post office established in Hyderabad in 1863. By the end of 1893, there were six letter boxes.
The library movement was a popular movement and derived its motivation, strength and direction from the people. Innumerable small libraries and reading rooms were established everywhere in the State from 1901. The government provided money for libraries. The head of a library was designated as a superintendent. A State library called Qutub Khana-e- Asafia was set up and housed in the office of the Directorate of Public Instructions on the Malguzari Road. Later, it was shifted to the government building at Abids that now houses the General Post Office. Renowned scholar Syed Ali Hyder Tabatabayi was the first Superintendent. Today, the State Central Library, the first library of Hyderabad, is kept open from 7 am to 11 am and 3 pm to 9 pm. It remains closed for 17 days in a year. Members are entitled to borrow two books at a time. Membership fees was Rs 2 per month with a deposit of Rs 15. The present building of the State Central Library in Afzalgunj was completed in 1936. Top
-------------------------MAJESTIC IN RED AND WHITE STONE
The present High Court building was constructed in 1918. Initially, it was located at the Old Patthargatti area. But the disastrous Musi floods of 1908 affected this building, particularly the record room. In 1912, the High Court was shifted to a building owned by Salar Jung in Chatta Bazar, near the place where the new building of the City Civil Court today stands. The construction of the High Court building was started on April 15, 1915 and was completed on March 31, 1918. The amount expended was around Rs 19 lakhs.

The earliest section of railways to be surveyed and constructed in the State of Hyderabad was the Wadi-Secunderabad line. The survey started on October 30, 1869 and the construction work on March 25, 1871. The Nizam's Government provided the capital and the Government of India constructed the line, which was opened for traffic on October 9, 1874. The Nizam was a year-old prince when the first train arrived on the decorated platform of the Hyderabad railway station. The occasion was celebrated with pomp and glitter in the Twin Cities.

-------------------------THE OLDEST BRIDGE
Purana Pul (Old Bridge), built in 1578, was the first bridge to be constructed in the Hyderabad city. Tales have been woven around the construction of this bridge, which might be mere myths. Some believe that the bridge was built by Ibrahim's father to facilitate his son's meeting with his beloved Bhagmati. But the tales seem baseless as historical dates point out that when the bridge was constructed, Sultan Ibrahim Qutb Shah was just a child of seven. It is more likely that it was built for the convenience of the citizens of Golconda and Chachalam. Top

--------------------------MORNING MUSIC FROM HILL TOP
The French historian Tavernier described Hyderabad as "The City of Gardens." Locals called it "Baagh-Nagar" after the huge expanse of garden that spread across, from Fateh Maidan to Nampally. Sultan Mohammed Qutb Shah, the builder of the Mecca Masjid, had constructed a palace on a hillock called Naubat Pahadt. It is said that every morning at daybreak, the musical instrument naubat used to be played from atop the hillock. Right below it was the vast expanse of the garden, which he called Bagh-e-Dilkusha. It is believed that it was he who had planned the first garden in Hyderabad.
------------------------------REACHING OUT TO THE PEOPLE
A remarkable and noteworthy feature of Hyderabad is the setting up of a Radio Station very soon after the BBC commenced its broadcast. Sayed Muzaffar Ali and Mahaboob Ali, grandson and nephew of Mir Chirag Ali respectively, worked in an innovative way to start a broadcast station. The emergence of this broadcast station is unique because neither was very interested in education. They created it after seeing a few science books, magazines and charts. Muzaffar Ali was the technical man behind the setting up of the station while Mahaboob Ali pooled in the financial resources. It was lodged in the house of Mir Chirag Ali.

A transformer of 200 watts was put up and preliminary broadcast was started. In 1936, the broadcast station was taken over by the government for a sum of Rs 25,000. It was put on a frequency of 411 mts, 730 khtz. In the same year the station was shifted to KTophairatabad and later on to the present building at Saifabad.


William Palmer & Company was the first Bank established in Hyderabad. It was the idea of Kirk Patrick, William Palmer, and a doctor who set it up in the Residency. However, the bank was not successful, and customers were cheated of their deposits. As public wrath became more intense, they were asked to leave the Residency. The present building of Andhra Bank at Kothi was William Palmer's home, and the building that houses the nearby State Bank of India was where Palmer shifted his bank. This is the main reason why that area is known as Bank Street.


In 1595, barely 200 yards from the Purani Haveli, the Dar-ul-Shafa or House of Cure was built as a double-storied hospital-cum-residential college of the Unani system of medicine. The fifth Qutb Shahi king, Quli Qutb, built it. It is said that this hospital was purposely built at two ramparts of the city in order to prevent epidemic or contagious diseases from being brought into the city. Every non-local resident entering the city had to first check into the hospital to be tested and declared disease-free. This done, he was medically certified by the hakims to enter into the city. In case of any illness, the person had to undergo treatment until cured. Medicine was given free of cost to as many as 400 patients at a time. Sarais and beds were provided to patients and the people who attended to them. Physicians came from Greece, Italy Topand the Persian Gulf to attend to the sick here.


Golconda is synonymous with diamonds. Though diamonds were never mined here, they were cut and polished in a village called Karwan near Golconda Fort. The Kohinoor diamond was found in Kothur in 1656 during the reign of Sultan Abdullah Qutb Shah.

Passing hands through the Mughals to Nadir Shah of Persia, who took it to Iran, the diamond was brought back to India by Maharaja Ranjeet Singh. After Ranjeet Singh died, the diamond was taken by Lord Lawrence in 1849 and presented to Her Majesty Queen Victoria.

-------------------------NIZAM'S LAND FOR THE 1ST CHURCH

The British Resident General Fraser, who was donated land by the Nizam's government, built the Church of the Holy Trinity. Adjacent to the Church is a 150-year-old cemetery, where British soldiers were laid to rest.


The first major mosque, the Jama Masjid, was built by Mohd Quli Qutub Shah in 1598. Standing near Charminar, the mosque is a blend of Indo-Persian and South Indian style of architecture. A school, a guest house and a Turkish bath were attached to this Topmosque.


The worst ever disaster to strike the city was floods, when the river Musi, that flowed through the city, flooded its banks on September 28, 1908. Thousands lost their lives and nearly 20,000 houses were washed away. Collapsed houses, dead bodies, animal carcasses and uprooted trees lay strewn on either side of the river. Ten centers for refugee and rehabilitation works were set up. The gates of the royal palace were thrown open as temporary camping grounds.

To prevent the recurrence of such tragedies, the Osman Sagar and Himayath Sagar were built and the embankments on the northern and southern sides of the river were raised. A tamarind tree standing in a park outside the Osmania Hospital on the bank of river Musi is said to have saved over 150 lives during these floods. A small plaque on the tree bears the inscription.

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