to make life easier
Do you feel that there are simply not enough hours
in a day to accomplish everything? Do you wonder where
you'll find energy to go to work, fix the meals, maintain
your house, manage your money, educate your children,
etc. In short, do you wish to make your life less difficult?
Tips on removing
Here we present some practical solutions for everyday
*The best way to remove gum from cloth is to freeze
the cloth and then peel off the gum.
* To remove ink and ball-point pen stains, just soak
cotton in eau-de-cologne and rub it on the stained area.
*To remove blood-stains, soak the cloth in cold water
and then soak it in hydrogen peroxide solution.
* To remove oil stains, just clean the cloth with lemon
juice dipped in salt.
*To remove rust stains from cloth, rub lemon juice over
the stain, cover it with white cloth and iron it.
*Cooking or edible oil stains can be removed by first
putting talcum powder to absorb the oil. Then apply
shampoo over the satin and wash it with hot water.
* To remove soft drink stains, soak the cloth in cold
water and clean it with isopropyl alcohol and cold water
solution ( 50: 50 ratio).
Rain water harvesting from rooftops
WHAT is rooftop rainwater
The process of collecting, storing and using rain falling
on rooftops of houses or other constructions is called,
rooftop rainwater harvesting.
WHY harvest rainwater?
Because rainwater is a pure natural resource and saving
it makes ecological and financial sense.
WHO can harvest rooftop rainwater?
*Persons in apartments can also harvest rainwater but
a community approach may be required in such a case.
*Industries and factories can harvest rainwater since
large roof areas are usually available in such constructions.
*People who are purchasing water from private water
tankers can harvest rainwater to lessen their financial
DESIGN your roof well for rainwater collection.
*A flat roof can be gently sloped to drain water towards
the storage system. A ‘nahani trap’ or ‘floor
trap can be placed at the time of casting the roof just
near the inlets of the down water pipes.
*Sloping roofs should have a gutter of PVC or Zinc sheet
to collect water and channel it to the down water pipe
*Roofs should be uncluttered and should be easy to clean
by sweeping and swabbing if necessary.
*Down water pipes should be designed well - 90 mm diameter.
PVC pipes resistant to UV rays appear to be the best
bet as down water pipes. Of course this depends on the
roof area to be drained.
*3 to 4 down water pipes seem enough for a 1,000 to
1,200 square feet area.
*Filter the rainwater before storage: filtering
can be as basic as a floor trap placed before the water
enters the down water pipe or a piece of sponge placed
at the inlet of the down water pipe. A PVC bucket with
gravel, sand and charcoal is a good filter before rain
water is stored. A PVC drum with sponge on the inlet
and outlet is also a filter. A small two chamber inspection
filter tank can also be devised.
DESIGN tips for rainwater harvesting.
Try to determine your storage system at the planning
stage itself. Would it be a:
* roof level storage tank
* a ground level drum or masonry tank
* a below the ground sump
*a partially below ground and partially above ground
Locate the storage system appropriately.
Roof level storage tanks may need to be at the rear
of the house or on the sides so that it is neither obstrusive
or visually offensive.
Ground level drums or tanks occupy space and should
not hinder movement or appear unsightly.
Below the ground sump is a good option since most new
constructions in Bangalore go in for sumps anyway. Sumps
are hidden from view, less costly to build and do not
Note: Always provide for an outlet for excess collection
of water from the storage system.
Further treatment of stored rainwater
It is a common perception that water stored for long
goes bad. If water does not contain any organic material
and if it is stored in a clean container it can stay
for very very long.
Some small treatment like ‘alum dosing’
or ‘chlorination’ can also be done to stored
water to improve its quality.
Addition of a small quantity of alum dissolved in half
a bucket of water will bring down the suspended solids
and clear the stored rainwater.
Similarly adding a small quantity of bleaching powder
to half a bucket of water and then mixing it with the
stored rainwater will kill bacterial contamination.
Great care should be exercised while chlorinating and
it is not particularly recommended.
It is always recommended that water used for drinking
should be boiled and filtered invariably.
Courtesy: Environment and Health Foundation (India).
For more tips on rain water harvesting contact EHF (India)
web site: www.inika.com/chitra
Keep your carpet smelling fresh
and clean with baking soda - just sprinkle the soda liberally
over the entire carpet and let it sit for an hour. Then
vacuum it up.
For a sweeter smelling house, squeeze a few drops of
lemon juice into the dust-bag of your vacuum cleaner
before you start it up.
You can use mayonnaise to remove crayon marks from wood
furniture. Just let it sit for ten minutes and then
rub with a soft cloth.
Vinegar is an inexpensive and effective cleaning agent
and it has many practical uses:
- To remove white
water deposits from your pots and pans, simply pour
white vinegar into the pot and boil for 15 minutes.
- Cleaning your
dishwasher is child's play if you run an empty cycle
with white vinegar.
- White vinegar
can also remove stains and odours of pets from the carpet.
- When you are painting,
just add a few drops of vanilla essence to the paint
when mixing. This will remove the unpleasant smell and
still won't affect the colour.
- To keep the
toilet bowl sparkling, mix equal parts of baking soda
and borax; add white vinegar and use this mixture as
a cleaning fluid.
Avoid long, uninterrupted
use of your blender. Such misuse can overheat the motor
and possibly cause a breakdown.
Keep the mixing bowl from
slipping on the countertop when using a handheld mixer
by putting a rubberised mat or a damp cloth underneath
Place a piece of plastic
wrap over the top of your processor's bowl before you
put on the lid. After processing, you'll discover
that the usually splatter-splashed lid is spotless.
Dispel offensive odours from
your microwave by placing a thick slice of lemon on a
paper towel and microwaving it on high for about a minute
and a half.